Upstander Connection

Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education and Tolerance

Archive for the category “schools”

For Magie Furst and her family, the lifeline to safety and freedom came through the Upstanders of Great Britain

Magie Furst

Magie Furst

 

The Museum’s current exhibit, A History of the Kindertransport, now through Feb. 28, features the story of Dallas resident Magie Furst and her brother, Bert, who were both saved through the British rescue operation. On Feb. 2, Magie told her story to a standing-room only crowd of 140 Museum members and visitors. This is the story she told.

In 1932, Alfred and Sida Romberg were proud parents of a daughter and son born just a year apart, living a wonderful life in the small German village of Astheim, near Nuremburg, where they owned a general merchandise store.

But a year later, following the appointment of Adolph Hitler as German Chancellor, the Romberg’s tranquil life became a nightmare. Before 1934 came to an end, Alfred Romberg was dead—a heart attack brought on by stress from aggressive perpetrators.

The Rombergs were upstanding citizens once beloved by the entire village. But all that changed when Hitler’s Nazi party came to power. The Rombergs were Jewish.

Following Alfred’s death, Sida Romberg was left alone to raise 5-year-old Magie and 4-year-old Bert. When the anti-Semitism worsened, Sida was forced to sell the store for a fraction of its value and moved the children to the larger town of Eshwege, Germany, where other family resided.

The years in Eshwege were brutal, recalled Magie, now 84.

“Those were bad years, because Hitler was in full force already. We had restrictions on going to school. We went to an all Jewish school until some of the teachers emigrated. And then after Kristallnacht (Nov. 9-10, 1938), we didn’t have school anymore…the Hitler youth, they went after us whenever we went out.

“I remember we went out to get a loaf of bread, and they took the loaf right out of my hand. They wanted to smash it on my brother’s head, but I stood in front of him, so I got the beating instead. I must have been eight years old.”

Following Kristallnacht— a series of coordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians (the German authorities looked on without intervening)—Sida Romberg knew her children had no future in Germany and set out to find visas for them to leave Germany. At the time, Germany was still issuing visas to Jews and others who could prove they had relatives or a sponsoring organization in another country.

When her mother learned of the Kindertransport program, a rescue mission that took place during the nine months prior to the outbreak of the WWII, she seized the opportunity to send her daughter and son to the United Kingdom, which took in nearly 10,000 predominantly Jewish children from Nazi Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig. Children of the Kindertransport were placed in British foster homes, hostels, schools and farms.

In an extraordinary stroke of good fortune, Sida Romberg received permission to work as a domestic servant in England.  The three of them prepared to leave for England together.

Saying goodbye to her grandmother, Magie said, was one of the most painful moments of her life. Her grandmother had been a source of stability and comfort, following the sudden death of Magie’s father, Alfred. Tragically, the Nazis would eventually remove her grandmother from a home for the elderly and deport her to Auschwitz, where she was murdered.

On May 23, 1939, Sida Romberg and her two children arrived in England, but once there were separated as Sida did not earn enough to support herself and her children.

Bert was placed with a wonderful family. Magie did not fare so well. “I became a cheap maid in a family headed by an abusive man,” she said. After a month of suffering, Magie was sent to an orphanage to live.

While the war years in England were tough, Magie said she, Bert and her mother were eternally grateful to the people of Great Britain. “They opened their hearts and homes to us when no other country—not even the United States—would do so,” she said.

Sida Romberg never gave up hope for reuniting the family, and in April, 1945, just a month before the formal end of WWII, the three Rombergs received visas to emigrate to the U.S.

“There is no country like the United States in this world,” Magie said.

Settling in the New York City metro area, the Rombergs thrived. Eventually, Magie would marry and accompany her husband in 1963 to the Dallas area. Three years later, Bert also moved to Dallas after receiving a great job opportunity. Wishing to be near the children she sought so valiantly to protect, Sida Romberg also made the move to Texas.

As she reflects on her rare experience as a rescued child of the Kindertransport, Magie is grateful for being spared the horrors of war even though the separation from loved ones was difficult. And, she feels obligated to share her story as a regular speaker before student groups—sometimes three and four times a week—who visit the Museum.

“We are supposed to be our brother’s keeper,” she said. “We need to make sure that children of the future never have to endure what my generation did.”

“A History of the Kinderstransport” exhibit is made possible by the generosity of Ann Donald Zetley & Florence and Howard Shapiro in Loving Memory of Martin Donald.

–Chris Kelley, for the Dallas Holocaust Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sign of the Times: Museum’s New Herald Historically Proportioned

The new sign at the Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education and Tolerance

The Museum has installed a new sign on the Pacific Street/DART side of the building at 211 N. Record Street. The 16-foot long sign (and 16 inches tall) meets the exacting historical proportions required by Dallas city ordinances governing the West End Historic District. The sign, which uses high performance cast vinyl lettering, provides new and needed visibility for Museum visitors who park in adjacent parking lots. The sign took months of planning and one day to install.

Anne Frank Curriculum Trunks: A Middle School Teacher’s Dream in a Box

The Anne Frank: A Private Photo Album exhibit which opened on December 1, 2012 at the Dallas Holocaust Museum will close on March 31, 2013.  In the three months that Anne Frank was with us—and it did feel as if the impishly wise thirteen-year-old was truly with us—more than 22,000 visitors toured the Museum.

Anne Frank is one of the most recognized faces in the world and as author of one of the most read books–which is a compilation of entries into her personal journals and diary–she draws attention.  We offered visitors opportunities to write their thoughts and feelings in journals which we made available in the exhibit gallery.  As you can guess, most of the entries were from children like Jade, whose entry read:

February 19, 2013

Dear Anne,

Even though you are not here anymore, I want you to know how big of an inspiration [you are] to us kids.  When I started reading your diary (I hope you don’t mind my reading it)… it inspired me, too.  Thank you so much.  Jade.

As the closing looms, there are now more than 25 journals full of entries.  The power of Anne Frank to feather a child’s mind and lead them to a rudimentary understanding of the world’s greatest display of inhumanity, inspired DHM/CET to create its first curriculum trunks.

The Anne Frank curriculum trunks provide teachers with tools to enhance the richness of their programs and lessons to foster creativity and discussion in the classroom. Some of the contents are specifically related to the “Anne Frank: A Private Photo Album” temporary exhibit, such as the teacher guide to the exhibit. However, there are also two graphic novels based on Anne’s story, three DVDs, and a number of books, all selected by our Education Department to inspire the students relate to Anne’s story in new ways. Of course, the trunks also come with a copy of Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl for each student in the class.

Anne Frank Trunk

The Dallas Holocaust Museum’s Anne Frank Curriculum Trunk which is loaned free to DFW area schools.

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